handwork craft-based techniques or goods produced by hand. These skills are often associated with traditional artisan communities whose livelihoods once depended on expertise passed down through generations. Handwork is an integral component of dosa. The great amount of time and labor it requires is seen not as an obstacle but as a means to create more jobs without furthering resource consumption. In India, a single handloom creates 10 jobs that all rely on human power, a renewable energy. Discussions with architect Lindon Schultz shaped dosa’s philosophy to value manual work and to preserve handwork traditions. (1984) See also khadi; WomenWeave